Learning Journal Four

Step Two. 

During this week we learned about discourse communities, elements found in a typical Wikipedia page, and the importance of citing sources used. The online dictionary states that the word discourse means, “written or spoken communication or debate.” So discourse communities are a group of people who have a similar goal and expectation through the way they communicate. As a class we came up with all the elements that make up a Wikipedia page. In order to have a running Wikipedia page it must include: a title, table of contents, sections, subsections, pictures with captions, embedded links, overview, footnotes, and references. With our next project of making our own Wikipedia page, we must find credible sources to include into our page. In addition, it’s crucial that we cite these sources correctly, so that we give credit to those who own the information.

 

Step Three. 

Topic: Makeup Remover

  1. “Cosmetic composition for removing makeup”
    https://www.google.com/patents/US5179128
  2. “Eye makeup remover with two separate phases”
    https://www.google.com/patents/US5165917
  3. Eye makeup remover”
    https://www.google.com/patents/US5217641
  4. “Makeup remover/skin cleanser compositions comprising quaternary phosphates and peg diesters”
    https://www.google.com/patents/US5607680
  5. “The Best Skin Care Products Dermatologists Can’t Live Without”
    https://www.bustle.com/articles/182090-the-best-skin-care-products-dermatologists-cant-live-without
  6. “Dermatologists Recommend: Why You Should Remove Your Makeup Before Bed – Review Of The Best Makeup Removers”
    http://beautystat.com/site/makeup/dermatologists-recommend-why-you-should-remove-your-makeup-before-bed-review-of-the-best-makeup-removers/

  7. “How To Properly Wash Your Face: Dr. David Bank Shares His Tips”

    http://beautystat.com/skincare/how-to-properly-wash-your-face-dr-david-bank-shares-his-tips/

For the sources numbered 1-4, the sources are credible because they are academic articles and were found using McClure’s advice in number 4 on page 237. Source 5 is credible because it is dermatologist approved also it is a popular company where millions of people read their articles. For sources 6 and 7, they are credible because in their disclaimer they say that all opinions and review are unbiased and not sponsored. In addition, the articles I am using includes the words from an actual doctor.

 

Step Four. 

  1. In “Cosmetic composition for removing makeup “, they found the correct ingredients in order to create a makeup remover that will remove makeup with just a wipe or rinsing with water. They have selected a special “surfactant system and an oil substance” for the makeup remover that won’t need a significant amount of water to be added. This article also goes into detail about how makeup should be removed and the different types of makeup removers. I will use this information in my Wiki page to describe the different types of makeup removers and composition of makeup that requires certain ingredients needed to remove it from the face.
    “Make-up, once applied to the skin, has conventionally only a limited life, and must be removed from time to time, in order to replenished it anew. To habitual make-up users, this is a daily or twice daily activity.”
    “The removal of make-up, particularly waxed based make-up such as lipstick and mascara, presents a special problem in that it can adhere strongly to the skin and can resist ordinary washing with soap and water, or with mild detergent products especially formulated for use on delicate skin areas, such as the face. Scrubbing of the skin to remove make-up can be successful, but damage to the underlying sensitive skin can result.”
  2. In “Eye makeup remover with two separate phases”, they are inventing a makeup remover that can remove both waterproof and non-waterproof makeup that provides comfort without irritation. They write that there are two parts to makeup remover that can be used on waterproof and non-waterproof makeup. On another note, they describe how makeup that contains oil in their ingredients are considered waterproof and those that don’t contain oil are non-waterproof. In order to remove waterproof makeup, makeup remover must contain a oil. This too can remove non-waterproof makeup however it’s deemed at unpleasant to apply. So a traditional classic cleansing lotion can be used, however this dries out the skin.
    “A composition suitable for effective and comfortable removal of both waterproof and non-waterproof eye makeup is disclosed which includes an aqueous phase containing at least one surfactant and an oily phase containing at least one cosmetic oil.”
    “Eye makeup comprises application to the eyelids and eyelashes, of a composition containing colored pigments, which composition may or may not be oil-based; eye shadow is used for the eyelids and mascara for the eyelashes.”
  3. In “Eye makeup remover”, they talk about a makeup remover that is oil-free but still effective in removing makeup that is waterproof. They are trying to find a way in integrate cyclomethicones into makeup remover because they are tested to be effective at removing makeup. However, it is difficult to incorporate it into makeup removers because they have a vapor pressure at room temperature that makes it difficult to package and store on shelves for long periods of time.
    “Cyclomethicones are known to be very effective in removing waterproof eye make-up. Also, cyclomethicones are gentle and not liable to sting or irritate.”
    “Here cyclomethicones are described as low-viscosity fluids that are colorless, odorless, nonirritating, volatile cosmetic solvents. They are further described as essentially non-toxic, non-greasy and non-stinging, confirming their suitability for waterproof make-up removal.”
  4. In “Makeup remover/skin cleanser compositions comprising quaternary phosphates and peg diesters”, have an invention that will remove any makeup without the use of having to wash with water after. They describes how most makeup removers consist of oils, that leave the skin feeling heavy, which is not favorable to consumers. It is also difficult to remove that oil with a rise of water, making makeup removers difficult and uncomfortable.
    “The makeup removers traditionally used in this art are compositions having a high concentration of fatty substances whose function, when applied to the skin, is to dissolve and remove the various fats which are contained in makeup products, so as to remove them.”
    “In addition, as a result of their “heavy” texture, these makeup removers fail to impart a cool sensation, and they are difficult to apply and not easily rinsed off.”
  5. In “The Best Skin Care Products Dermatologists Can’t Live Without”, the author has created a list products that dermatologists have approved. She gives an array of products that can be purchased in stores for different types of needs. She also gives images with a description of what the product is meant for.
    “According to dermatologist and RealSelf contributor Dr. Joel Schlessinger, “Klorane Make-Up Remover Water with Soothing Cornflower is an excellent choice for those with sensitive skin and eyes.”
    “This award-winning makeup remover gently removes makeup on the face, eyes and lips without causing irritation.”
  6. In “Dermatologists Recommend: Why You Should Remove Your Makeup Before Bed – Review Of The Best Makeup Removers”, Dr. Dennis Gross, Board Certified Dermatologist and Dermatological Surgeon in New York City talks about how makeup must be removed before going to bed. He describes how at night our pores open up and if makeup is left on the face, it can clog the pores. There is also a couple of products listed that could be purchased to remove makeup.
    “Dr. Ellen Marmur, Chief of Dermatologic and Cosmetic Surgery at The Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City recommends to remove makeup with a lotion based remover as it cleanses, massages and hence boosts circulation to give you a clean slate to apply night moisturizer.”
    ““Eyes are the most sensitive yet most neglected in terms of make up removal” says Dr. Vesna Petronic Rosic, Assistant Professor of Dermatology at the University of Chicago. And advises that “mascara makes eyelashes firm and inflexible. So, if you rub your eyes when asleep, you can break them easily.” So, don’t forget to wash off your eye makeup!”

 

Step Five. 

Outline of Wikipedia entry:

(a) The Overview

Makeup worn on the face can be removed with makeup remover. There are different types of makeup removers that can be purchased in stores and online. Companies make different forms of makeup removers, for instance, wipes, foam cleansers, liquid cleansers, oil-based removers, or gel type removers. There are also various types of makeup removers for waterproof makeup, sensitive skin, or are oil-free.

(b) Sections

Purpose

  •  “Make-up, once applied to the skin, has conventionally only a limited life, and must be removed from time to time, in order to replenished it anew. To habitual make-up users, this is a daily or twice daily activity.”[1]
  • “The removal of make-up, particularly waxed based make-up such as lipstick and mascara, presents a special problem in that it can adhere strongly to the skin and can resist ordinary washing with soap and water, or with mild detergent products especially formulated for use on delicate skin areas, such as the face. Scrubbing of the skin to remove make-up can be successful, but damage to the underlying sensitive skin can result.”[1]

 

Ingredients

  • “The present invention eye makeup remover comprising two separate phases: an aqueous phase and an oily phase.”[2]
  • “Oil-based makeup products are generally designated “waterproof” (WP) while those not containing oil are designated “non-waterproof” (NWP).”[2]
  • “Removal of the first type of makeup (WP) is generally performed with the aid of a makeup remover based on oil, particularly vaseline oil which may be mixed with fatty esters. These makeup removal products are, of course, able to remove makeup of the second type (NWP) but are so unpleasant to apply that, when they are not indispensable, it is preferable to use a classical cleansing lotion.”[2]
  • “Make-up removers generally fall into one of two classes: hydrophilic detergent-based removers or hydrophobic oil-based removers. Customarily a make-up remover is selected for use according to the nature of the make-up to be removed, with detergent-based removers being selected for ordinary, emulsion-type make-ups and oil-based removers being used for more permanent types of makeup including, but not limited to, waterproof eye make-ups, for example waterproof mascara and eye shadow, and -waterproof lipsticks. In some cases it may be necessary or desirable to use both types of make-up in sequence to remove an especially durable make-up.”[3]
  • “Cyclomethicones are known to be very effective in removing waterproof eye make-up. Also, cyclomethicones are gentle and not liable to sting or irritate.”[3]
  • “The makeup removers traditionally used in this art are compositions having a high concentration of fatty substances whose function, when applied to the skin, is to dissolve and remove the various fats which are contained in makeup products, so as to remove them.”[4]

 

Types of Makeup Removers

  •  “Oil based cleansing products such as `cold cream` have been recommended for cleaning make-up from the skin, but the resultant oil residue consisting of a mixture of solubilised make-up and excess cleanser is difficult to remove either by wiping off or by rinsing with water.”[1]
  • “Whereas, known oil-based make-up removers can be quite effective, they suffer from a tendency to deposit an oily residue or film on the wearer’s skin. This is particularly undesirable when removing eye make-up because the oil is easily transmitted to the eye, where it may cause discomfort, irritation or blurring of vision.”[3]
  • “A mild, skin-cleansing, non-foaming mousse forming aqueous emulsion is described by Procter & Gamble in EP 0 213 827. The mousse comprises a nonionic surfactant, such as an ethoxylated nonionic surfactant or a partially esterified polyol, an emollient such as a mineral oil or vegetable oil, a moisturiser such as glycerin or sorbitol and a water soluble gaseous propellant such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen.”[1]

 

Brands of Makeup Removers

  •  “Some good, affordable makeup removers are made by brands like Purpose, L’Oreal, Clinique, Cetaphil (for oily skin), Basis (for dry skin), Aveeno (for sensitive skin).”[6]
  • “If you’re exhausted and just want to crash, the Neutrogena facial wipes, Dove Clean Sweep Cloths or MAC wipes are fast, easy yet effective options.”[6]
  • “According to dermatologist and RealSelf contributor Dr. Joel Schlessinger, “Klorane Make-Up Remover Water with Soothing Cornflower is an excellent choice for those with sensitive skin and eyes. This award-winning makeup remover gently removes makeup on the face, eyes and lips without causing irritation.”[5]

 

Importance to Remove Makeup

  • “So when makeup is left on, it could seep deep down into the pores making them clogged and then breakout”, says Dr. Dennis Gross, Board Certified Dermatologist and Dermatological Surgeon in New York City.[6]
  • “He also says that once your collagen levels decline (due to the aging process), the pores do not snap back as easily once it has been enlarged. And leaving makeup can only lead to more inflammation that can generate free radicals and collagen breakdown.”[6]
  • “During nighttime, the skin needs oxygen to repair itself. And sleeping with your makeup on deprives it of this vital nutrient. “When makeup stays on too long, it also blocks the natural exfoliating process, which can leave your skin looking dull”, says Dr. Robins Ashinoff, Director of Cosmetic Dermatology at Hackensack Medical Center in New Jersey.”[6]
  • ““Eyes are the most sensitive yet most neglected in terms of make up removal” says Dr. Vesna Petronic Rosic, Assistant Professor of Dermatology at the University of Chicago. And advises that “mascara makes eyelashes firm and inflexible. So, if you rub your eyes when asleep, you can break them easily.” So, don’t forget to wash off your eye makeup!”[6]
  • “Dr. Ellen Marmur, Chief of Dermatologic and Cosmetic Surgery at The Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City recommends to remove makeup with a lotion based remover as it cleanses, massages and hence boosts circulation to give you a clean slate to apply night moisturizer.”[6]

 

(c) Pictures

Taken my myself

Taken by myself

Clinique Take The Day Off Makeup Remover For Lids, Lashes & Lips, 4.2 fl oz

Image taken from macys.com

(d)  Citations

  1. Lyle, Ian G. and Masaaki Nagase. “Cosmetic composition for removing make-up.” United States Patent, 1993, https://www.google.com/patents/US5179128
  2. Zabotto, Arlette , Jean-Claude Contamin, and Nathalie Plaisant. “Eye makeup remover with two separate phases.” United States Patent, 1992, https://www.google.com/patents/US5165917
  3. Herstien, Morris. “Eye makeup remover.” United States Patent, 1993, https://www.google.com/patents/US5217641
  4. Brissonnet, Jean P. , and Veronique Burnier. “Makeup remover/skin cleanser compositions comprising quaternary phosphates and peg diesters.” United States Patent, 1997, https://www.google.com/patents/US5607680
  5. Cassano, Maria. “The Best Skin Care Products Dermatologists Can’t Live Without.” Bustle, 2 September 2016, https://www.bustle.com/articles/182090-the-best-skin-care-products-dermatologists-cant-live-without
  6.  Robinson, Ron. “Dermatologists Recommend: Why You Should Remove Your Makeup Before Bed – Review Of The Best Makeup Removers.” Beauty Stat, 19 January 2012, http://beautystat.com/site/makeup/dermatologists-recommend-why-you-should-remove-your-makeup-before-bed-review-of-the-best-makeup-removers/

 

Step Seven.

Stedman discusses problems that people have when siting sources. One problem he states is incorporating a quote that comes out of nowhere. If using a quote, the writer should lead up to the quote, which makes the readers expect a quote is going to come up. Failing to do so will cause the reader to be confused because they don’t know where the quote is coming from. A perfect case is when a writer prepares for a quote then analyzes the quote after. I noticed that in my writings, I would do fine leading up to a quote, but would have trouble analyzing the quotation after. I hope to work on that when I do my Wikipedia entry.

 

 

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2 thoughts on “Learning Journal Four

  1. I never knew the difference between waterproof and non-waterproof makeup remover! Of course, it makes sense now that waterproof makeup remover should have oil; it removes waterproof makeup much better. I have always use the same makeup remover so I look forward to your article. Hopefully I will learn about a makeup remover that works better for me. It would also be nice to know about the history of makeup remover, such as who invented the wipes or the mousse.

    Like

  2. I did not know that removing makeup had such methodical processes like the ones you have described. Your journal entry is very informative and I think could be useful to those who use makeup. Maybe one thing you could add would be to add the history of when makeup started? Your information is very helpful but I do no think I would personally look at it!

    Like

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